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"Down with kitchen slavery! Let there be new household life!" says this working mother as she forces open the door to her musty washroom and steps into the bright, new modern Russia. The signs on the buildings outside read "Club," "Industrial Cafeteria" and "Nursery." This poster was meant to motivate housewives to abandon their house chores and enter the workforce to help Russia grow. To make this possible, the Communist Party built thousands of daycare centers and kindergartens.

G. Shegal, 1931