what a future for a dollar a  day

what a future for a dollar a day

A Difficult Life for Women in Kashmir and Jammu

 

a difficult living for Hindi and Muslin women in the poorest areas of India
What future for a dollar a day.
Kashmir and Jammu economy are unaltered by modern production system, they mostly depend on traditional forms of sustenance . The economy in these areas of India remain undeveloped and rely on farming, horticulture and animal grazing. The social - economic conditions of Muslim and Hindi women living in the valley and neighbouring zones, depend on the economic activities of their husband, the class they belong to, their religious belief, and their education that is, most of the times, basic and insignificant.
Hindu women as the increased labour force, are exploited and are paid minimum wages. Often their conditions worsen. At times they fled their homes to work as brick –maker earning just a dollar per day for 1,000 bricks. They work hard to pay off their debts . They live a separate life, seeing for years mountains of red clay, mud and bricks until they can afford to change their life. Children are helpers of hopeless mothers, following the parent to the muddy filed every day rather than attending school. The only certainty they have about their life is that day after day the clay awaits outside their shelters.
Kashmiri women live their life under the shadows of insecurity. The widows of the silent war rebels, continue to face the aftermath of the long years of violence; they suffer poverty and desolation. They are a vulnerable group, being mostly dependent, that suffers the most.
After the death of the husband, as for the Islamic Sharia they cannot claim their husband’s property, so they go back to live to their parental house.
Kashmiri women have to face a lot of different challenges including both militarization and the security issues over economic development. Women farmers and craftswomen, who embroider beautiful shawls are struggling to make a living. They often work with their families in the villages to build a self sustained community to protect and defend themselves from the outside struggle.
Although some women receive some forms of institutional compensation, or benefits , many of them remain vulnerable to exploitation. Especially In the villages they continue to struggle with extreme poverty.
Despite the adverse conditions of their society and social situation, these women have always been very active components of their community. The most educated and privileged can teach at the community elementary schools. Most Kashmiri women have always been engaged with traditional industry of spinning pashmina shawls and other famous yarns. This ability and vocation was easily pursued within their homes, allowing them to take care of children. However, their education and professional skills have seen a steady increase over the years. It is quite common for women to search jobs outside the community, as nurses and teachers.
In the recent years the normal flow of social and economic system has been modified by conflicts. Women seeking jobs and educational opportunities becomes more an issue of survival rather than a mean to achieve a personal development and to pursue personal aims.

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